Once secured as the supreme ruler of Germany Hitler gained support of the German people by convincing them he was their savior from the economic depression, the Treaty of Versailles, Communism, Jews and other undesired minorities. Over the coming years Hitler was to oversee the expansion of Germany’s industrial production and civil improvements to a scale which the German people had never before witnessed. Hitler encouraged women to stay at home to bring up their children and keep house. In a speech in 1934 Hitler stated the German woman’s world was her husband, her family, her children and her home.
Germany’s unemployment was reduced to a point where the country was nearing full employment, mainly due to arms production and sending women home so men could take their role in the workplace, Hitler’s reconstruction and re-armament came from currency manipulations by the Finance Minister Hjalmar Schacht which included the Mefo bills which were credit notes issued by the Nazi Government mainly to armament manufacturers which could be converted to Reich mark’s on demand. The Mefo bills were fundamental in not only strengthening the economy but also concealing military spending which was forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler would also oversee a huge improvement to Germany’s infrastructure with the construction of Dams, Autobahn’s, Railroads and many other civil works, however all the reconstruction would come at an expense as the overall cost of living would increase by 25%, although the traditional NSDAP voters would see an increase in their standard of living. With the majority of citizens content with life, Hitler’s campaign to purge Germany of undesirables would reach fever pitch.
After Hitler became Chancellor in 1933 he appointed long time Ally Hermann Goring the Minister of the Interior for the State of Prussia which consisted of two thirds of Germany including the capital Berlin. Goring’s new title gave him complete control over the Police force, which he used to the advantage of the Nazi’s to prevent the Police from interfering with the Nazi SA brownshirt troops on the street, which they revelled in by looting shops intimidating and attacking Jews or anyone else who defied or stood in their way. Next Goring would purge and remove from the Berlin Police force anyone which he felt to be unreliable to the cause and had sworn in 50 000 SA Stormtroopers as Police Auxiliary officers with the power to arrest which they used to their gain. Soon prisons were overcrowded with people in custody which resulted in the dawn of outside prisons known as Concentration Camps.
On the 26th April 1933 a decree was passed allowing the formation of the Secret Police force also known as the Gestapo. Goring began to use the Gestapo to silence Hitler’s opponents in Berlin and other areas at the same time enhancing his power, However very soon Goring would face stiff competition for the leadership of the Gestapo in the shape of another ambitious Nazi Heinrich Himmler and a fierce battle would develop between the two power hungry men, which eventually Himmler would triumph, and on the 22nd April 1934 Himmler was appointed head of the Gestapo with Reinhard Heydrich as his second in command.
Reinhard Heydrich would set up a national intelligence system which would keep tabs on everyone within the Third Reich no matter how high in the hierarchy they were, big brother was indeed watching. In 1936 the Reichstag passed the Gestapo Law, which would mean the Gestapo was above the law and no legal appeal could hold them responsible for any acts they performed, having the authority to arrest and charge imprison or execute any prisoner without any legal procedure to prevent them, a tactic they would use without mercy for years to come.
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