Daily Archives: May 11, 2014

War Financing Endangers Security

The recent legislative dispute between Congress and
President George W. Bush, generally described as a contest
over war funding, scheduled to resume in September 2007, is
not primarily about money. By historical standards, the
Iraq war — while soon to be the second most expensive in
American history (second only to World War II) — is
relatively inexpensive as a portion of the U.S. gross
domestic product (GDP). At its height, the Second World War
cost nearly 40% of annual gross domestic product, the
Korean War almost 15%, and the Vietnam War 10%. Iraq,
although costing a hefty $ 9 billion per month, amounts to
less than 1% of this year’s GDP.

This clash involved conflicting views about the wisdom of
continuing U.S. military engagement in a war that to a
growing number of Americans looks like a tragic blunder,
and what leverage Congress had to force a change. The
confrontation was the result of Congress’ limited powers to
alter war policy. After the revolution, the founding
fathers gave Congress the power to tax and determine how
revenues are spent. So while they made the President the
Commander-in-Chief of the military, he could not conduct a
war without the willingness of legislators to appropriate
the funds. That, in theory, gave them enormous powers to
influence wartime policy. However, cutting off funds is a
blunt instrument, which Congress has been reluctant to
exercise lest it be accused of undermining troops in the

It was not always so. War funding was a deeply divisive
issue in the war of 1812 — which was perhaps even more
unpopular than the Iraq war. Officials in some states
advocated secession in protest. The Federalist Party, the
dominant political force in the late 18th century, sought
to deny President Madison, a Jeffersonian Republican, funds
for the war, hoping he would make an early peace. It
failed, but many Americans viewed the tactic as unpatriotic
— and within a few years, the Federalists ceased to exist.

That technique was never attempted again. At the height of
the Second World War, in 1943, a Democratic Congress voted
down President Roosevelt’s request for a large tax hike
because it thought taxes were already too high, but never
cut war appropriations.

During the Vietnam War, Congress gave President Lyndon
Johnson money for the military, but insisted on a tax
increase and cuts in his Great Society social programs. As
casualties mounted, the draft expanded, deficits rose and
inflation increased, support plummeted. But Congress still
did not cut off money for the troops, all of whom were
withdrawn in 1973. In 1974, legislators ultimately used
their power over spending to impose ceilings on the number
of U.S. officials authorized to be in South Vietnam and
later cut off military assistance for the Saigon

Despite a heated debate, when financing the war came before
Congress, they ultimately provided U.S. troops the funds
they needed — as they have over the past 200 years. But
sustaining a war without the support of a large segment of
the population and Congress will prove immensely and
increasingly difficult as in the case of Vietnam — and
pressures for withdrawal will intensify even without a cut
in war spending now.

As the U.S. military presence in Iraq declines, a debate on
how to meet longer-term security needs is imperative. Iraq
has diverted money from other requirements. Even if
stability in Iraq could somehow be achieved, the greater
Middle East and other regions will continue to be dangerous
places and may require a prolonged military presence, e.g.,
a continued naval commitment in the Persian Gulf. Equipment
destroyed or worn out in the Iraq War must be replaced;
outreach programs will be needed to improve relations with
countries alienated during recent years; intelligence
capabilities and homeland security will need extensive
shoring up; anti-terrorist forces and the weapons they need
must be augmented; and wounded veterans will require help
for many years. Thus, Americans should not expect a large
“peace dividend.”

The current dispute will leave a legacy of bitterness on
both sides, as after Vietnam. That is understandable, but
allowing it to divert attention from other security needs
would be dangerous. The toxic legacy of Vietnam lasted for
nearly a decade and led to big national security cuts.
Facing a continued terrorist threat, the country cannot
afford that now. Preventing another attack – and if
necessary responding to one – will require substantial
resources. And other new crises are likely to erupt.

Both sides need to work towards a sound financial strategy
to meet these needs and ensure that the U.S. financial
system and economy remain resilient to cope with future
emergencies, including war, a major hurricane, or a
pandemic. The sooner they get to it, the more secure the
country will be.

Robert D. Hormats is Vice Chairman of Goldman Sachs (International) and managing director of Goldman, Sachs & Co. Mr. Hormats served as Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs from 1981 to 1982, Ambassador and Deputy U.S. Trade Representative from 1979 to 1981, and as Senior Deputy Assistant Secretary for Economic and Business Affairs at the Department of State from 1977 to 1979. He served as a Senior Staff Member for International Economic Affairs on the National Security Council from 1969 to 1977, during which time he was Senior Economic Advisor to Dr. Henry Kissinger, General Brent Scowcroft and Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski.

Mr. Hormats was a recipient of the French Legion of Honor in 1982 and Arthur S. Flemming Award in 1978. Mr. Hormats has been a visiting lecturer at Princeton University and is a member of the Board of Visitors of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. He also is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Mr. Hormats’ publications include “Abraham Lincoln and the Global Economy”; “American Albatross: The Foreign Debt Dilemma”; and “Reforming the International Monetary System.” Other publications include articles in Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, American Banker and The Financial Times.


THE PRICE OF LIBERTY: Paying for America’s Wars
by Robert D. Hormats
Published by Times Books
ISBN 0-8050-8253-0


Copyright (c) 2007 by Robert D. Hormats. All rights reserved.
Please feel to duplicate or distribute this file as long as the contents are not changed and this copyright notice is intact. Thank you.

Adidas Star Wars Shoes is selling online

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Adidas trainers, specifically Gazelle may well significantly suggested world wide off their very original design in addition to innovative floor plans. These particular footwear added to that have a person’s foot relaxed,in addition give the feeling about outside. To explain, a good number of are generally that footwear away from the Adidas sometimes known as sleek, immediate functioning also musician boot footwear.

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Learn How to Unlock Wii

The impressive Wii Homebrew is a software program that allows your Nintendo Wii to unlock additional functions previously non-existent in your Nintendo Wii. Giving your gaming console more useful functions is highly sought after by consumers and gamers alike. If cars are normally given upgrades like wind spoilers, shock absorbers, paint jobs, better sound systems, wheel rims or even nitro charged engine boosts to give them better performance then you can bet that Homebrew is your Wii’s power boost.

The Homebrew program unlocks the Nintendo Wii’s previously unusable capabilities. It uncovers some purposes which are previously not included in the original unit made by the manufacturer. After installation of the program, the Homebrew channel can be executed just like any other channel. Thus the Nintendo Wii can now download games online. Your Wii can also become a DVD player and more.

Phones, for example, later became more than just home based phones. The gadget evolution is happening all the time. Cellular or mobile phones eventually had the ability to send text messages or SMS, shoot pictures, have calculators, become personal digital assistant and more. Modern smart phones can now record videos with high definition, play music better than a stereo component, have extended memory capacity like a mini computer, go online and even have the power of a Global Positioning System. There is definitely more in store in the near future. What more could there be?

With logic and marketing strategy in mind for most new device innovations, it is only normal for gaming systems to offer more than merely games. The Nintendo Wii is no longer just a gaming console. It has the potential to offer more. With its breakthrough in motion sensor gaming and of course Nintendo’s classic gaming strategy which is bringing classic fun and mind boggling challenge back to the gamers. It is what it does best; it is fun and constant innovation. Wii also has internet connectivity which means you can play with your buddies online, watch news and important updates. You can also relive the Super Mario days by connecting a system that lets you play NES games on your Wii. Enjoy playing with the immortal games of old like Double Dragon, Contra, Legend of Zelda and more.

A solid advice for newbie searchers on how to make upgrades on your Nintendo Wii, avoid the risk of breaking your precious Nintendo Wii or getting viruses on your computer by accidentally downloading corrupted files from random sites on the internet. Choose only websites with good reviews found on popular forums and other trustworthy gaming sites or blogs. Be wise, take the time to be safe and know what needs to be known.

Knowing How To Unlock Wii easily, safely and without voiding the warranty takes precious time, a conscious and vigilant effort to search for only the trusted sites online. Avoid adding any illegal mod chips which could damage your Wii and void the warranty. By unlocking your Wii you are allowing your Wii unit to unleash its full potential. Watch DVD movies, record and play MP3 music, go online and get games cheats, updates and important news, and play all the classic games like SNES, SEGA, Atari, NES and more. But you can do this safely and smartly. Are you ready for more?

Learn how to Unlock Wii with Homebrew application. We also show why Wii Homebrew Installer Software is better than the Mod Chip.

Wii Unlocker Ultra Review

Hey ya, guys and gals, gratitude designed for visiting my Wii Unlocker Ultra assessment!

Now, ahead of Time passes in to the details, ok, i’ll search out it inedible my chest with the aim of – Wii Unlocker Ultra (a.K.A. MyHomeBreware) is my superlative recommendation designed for you whilst it comes to having the hottest Wii homebrew download and still arrange it installed to be able to unlock your Wii designed for the highest gaming budding.


The at the outset factor we’re searching designed for is in point of fact a universal Wii homebrew pilot designed for several single Wii orderliness updates, understanding that’s impartial come again? Wii Unlocker Ultra provides us with – They’ve got two software single being designed for many orderliness versions 3.4 and previous and besides the other software programs are designed for with the aim of hottest versions on the Wii menu as well as 4., 4.1, 4.2 & beyond!

Is it likely to Get Everything Done Within 5 Minutes….?

Wii Unlocker Ultra is really a orderliness build by way of a specialist gamer, James Dean, to assist you unlock your Wii console. Now, I think nearly everyone of us already know come again? Amazing skin texture Nintendo dsi are accomplished of liability next we ‘unlock’ them, but Wii Unlocker Ultra promises a factor with the aim of alot of guides don’t..

Marketed you may well simply keep to the Guide like 1:Two-three or more, and completely unlock your Wii inside 5 minutes! Well is it spot on, or otherwise? Keep recital this ‘Wii Unlocker Ultra review’ as I explain.

Step-by-Step Video Instructions:

Obviously, it does as promised. After I bought MyHomeBreware, I had been floored for the reason that whilst thorough James Dean does all his employment..

You can get back 5 step-by-step hi-def capture on tape commands which will take you thru both details you’ll hunger to know to unlock your Wii, save your Wii Games and enable your DVD player. Exactly as what’s quoted from the website itself:

“It’s all not speaking, they turn through the process of choosing come again? Software to download based on come again? Wii Menu version you may well arrange whether it be a 3.4 or 4.1 up to you completely unlock your Wii.”

It’s all ‘Plug & Play’, all I in point of fact accomplish was stick to exactly, click a little mouse buttons to download and advantage a setup line provided and it by design settle the remainder.

So, whilst you can advantage a mouse, subsequently there’s rebuff goal behind explore to unlock a Wii with Wii Unlocker Ultra.. I may well expect money up designed for grabs with the aim of even a 60-year old grandma may well show again this exclusive of sweat! Talking approximately Xbox 360 3 Red Lights Repair efficiency… Aye?

Fully-Detailed Ebook:

The Ebook incorporates pictures and detailed sketch to unlocking the Wii someplace catch sight of on! Now, honestly, the recording commands inside the members’ area are solitary all you hunger, if you’ve got a really leisurely connection, or even a low bandwidth, subsequently download the Evony Secrets eBook, it functions flawlessly too!

Nope, You honestly need rebuff training fixing or modding your Wii, almost each step was drawn banned in your issue therefore it would arrange been a breeze…

Lifetime Use of Wii Unlocker Ultra (MyHomeBreware) Updates

Now, we all know with the aim of Nintendo dsi updates its orderliness hastily, impartial this ancient times time it agreed was still 4., at this point it’s already version 4.2. Understanding that’s someplace Wii Unlocker Ultra stood banned amid other Wii unlocking softwares..

Wii Unlocker Ultra is unquestionably keeping a close look inside the hottest Wii updates and ensures it will habitually provide members using the hottest upgrades, which wealth you don’t should to look designed for single more software next Nintendo dsi releases a fresh version everytime!

Here’s What you may well Do With Wii Unlocker Ultra..

Using this software, you’ll be able to unlock your Wii with impartial 3 steps:

– Join Wii Unlocker Ultra

– Download unlock software

– Unlock Wii inside impartial 5 minutes..!

I am an avid gamer who was frustrated by the lack of straight talk about Wii Unlock products,
so I created a website to share what I learned researching the subject. For my objective reviews of Wii unlock and Wii Homebrew products,
please check out Wii Unlocker Ultra for more review.

Tossing Together an Extremely Noteworthy Star Wars Theme Event

Girls and boys of nearly every age appreciate Star Wars – this classic competition of good and evil combined with cute Ewoks together with other amazing aliens adds up to a unique world for anyone. One easy way to help your children take hold of Star Wars is through a themed gathering. Lightsaber battles in the front yard and fun costumes alllow for an incredible combination!

Just a little aluminum foil along with cardboard is capable of turning a living room into the Millennium Falcon, and can set up a dream that your kids as well as their good friends will definitely absolutely adore!

Here are several excellent tips:

The Basics

Just about any get together takes a handful of fundamental essentials in order to be truly effective. You’ll just want to find some elementary room decorations, like balloons as well as streamers, along with maybe a few Star Wars prints. Make certain that it’s feasible for partiers to get their little hands on food along with other goodies by way of making certain to acquire lots of throw away dishes, cutlery, and also other bowls – most available in a Star Wars design! Another great notion would be to offer event sacks that your little ones could take home with them to recollect the get together. Load the sacks up using little toys and games, goodies, and various Star Wars gifts. These essentials are a fantastic place to begin.


The most notable themed celebrations include things like costumes. By simply dressing as their favourite roles in the Star Wars movie franchise, your children are able to submerge themselves fully inside the theme.

The number of Star Wars outfits out there edges upon infinite. All of the key characters between both trilogies are very well represented, from Anakin/Vader to droids and also Jedis. Some people go as far as to ensure each partier arrives dressed like a unique persona – certainly an alternative. If you ask me, it’s most critical the boys and girls dress as their own favored personality and enjoy themselves as compared with that individuals prevent having a few Princess Amidalas in the celebration.

Celebration Events

There’s more options than merely eating dessert and viewing Star Wars films that can be done at a Star Wars costume gathering. One great thing for you to do may be to arrange several simple games and adventures for the children to get involved in throughout the get together. Lots of classic occasion functions can be adaptable for your event – bobbing for Death Stars (apples), or an R2D2 piñata, for instance, would be a nice beginning.

In case everything is looking fairly even, you can also separate the party in to 2 teams – the good guys and the bad guys, or perhaps original trilogy vs. prequels. Your droids present you with a way to guarantee that the groups are even, as they show up in all six dvds.

Star Wars trivia is an excellent activity. You may produce the questions yourself, or obtain them on the web and furnish small awards to those getting the solutions correct. You can also setup a Star Wars scavenger hunt in the house and property, expecting party attendees to discover themed objects with a set period.

No matter what technique you want to adopt to your Star Wars celebration, just remember to focus is upon the little ones – rather than on your feelings regarding the theme. Include all of your children’s favourite characters and elements from these flicks, and your gathering will really turn into a wonderful accomplishment!
Should you employ a Star Wars theme occasion, outfits are crucial, both for you personally and also for your guests. Look at a Stormtrooper Costume when you can’t decide for your self. Not only is it a great outfit, but it really doesn’t make a difference how many other Stormtroopers show up to the party! You’ll want to pick up a few Star Wars Party Supplies for the occassion. Rebecca can offer anyone quite a few top-notch items by means of her affilliation with all the finest retailers of  party supplies and halloween costumes online, featuring a 110% guarantee on the prices!